Sailing Instructions

Nearshore Races

Nearshore Races - Sailing Instructions


Duluth Yacht Club

Duluth, Minnesota • Saint Louis County

Rule 8 Amended on May 4, 2019 DJ

The Duluth Yacht Club (DYC) will sponsor Nearshore Races as listed in the 2019 Race Schedule as published in the Leading Edge, and online at the DYC website at: Sailing Instructions for the Nearshore Races are also published in the Leading Edge and on the DYC website. Please check the OFFICIAL NOTICE BOARD on the DYC website for any periodic amendments or changes to these Sailing Instructions.


1.1 Racing will be governed by the 2017-2020 Racing Rules of Sailing (RRS), including the US Sailing Prescriptions, and these Sailing Instructions or as announced on VHF 72 and/or posted on the DYC website. The race committee is not obligated to post changes to notices on the website.

1.2 Rule 40, PERSONAL FLOTATION DEVICES is changed to add: Each crew member on board is required to wear a PFD for the start and finish of each race. Failure to comply with these requirements will result in the yacht scoring a DSQ for that race.

1.3 Rule 52 MANUAL POWER is changed to add: Boats may use electronic auto-pilots.


2.1 Notice to competitors will be posted on the Official Notice Board at the DYC website at or announced on VHF Channel 72.


3.1 At 12:30pm, yachts should contact the race coordinator on VHF 72 with their yacht name and await verification of their intent to participate in the race.

3.2 See accompanying document for Bermuda start times.


4.1 Classes for the Nearshore Series will be determined by the Race Committee.

4.2 Bermuda Starts will be used for all DYC Nearshore Races and are listed on the Bermuda Start Listing.


5.1 The race area is Western Lake Superior and the Duluth-Superior Harbor within approximately 10 miles of the Duluth Shipping Chanel. A race area map is available in the DYC Leading Edge and on the DYC website.


6.1 Three courses will be used for the Nearshore Races. The course and how it is to be sailed will be announced 24 hours prior to the race. The courses to be used are as follows:

(1) The Nearshore Triangle Course, which will be the primary course. This course can be sailed with either port or starboard rounding’s, with rounding’s being announced at the time this course is chosen. Note: The primary factor to be considered by the race committee in choosing which direction to sail the course (clockwise or counter-clockwise) will be to maximize the amount of upwind/downwind sailing and reduce the amount of reaching.

(2) The Lake Course, which will be the secondary course.

(3) The Harbor Course, which will be used as an alternative course in the event of inclement weather.

6.2 The Nearshore Triangle Course: Course length is 10.5 miles. Refer to the Nearshore Triangle Course map. The starting and finishing line is between the end of the South Pier of the Duluth Harbor entry, and the DYC positioned “G” mark. At the start, regardless of the course direction (clockwise or counter-clockwise), leave the DYC position "G" mark to starboard, crossing the start line in an easterly direction and when finishing leave the DYC positioned "G" mark to port, crossing the finish line in a westerly direction.

6.3 The Lake Course: Course length is 10.5 miles. The starting line and the finish line is between the end of the South Pier of the Duluth Harbor entry, and the DYC positioned “G” mark, leaving the DYC positioned "G" mark to starboard, heading in either a North-Easterly direction to the coordinates indicated on the map, or in a South-Easterly direction to the coordinates indicated on the map. When finishing leave the DYC positioned "G" mark to port crossing the finish line in a westerly direction.

6.4 The Harbor Course: Course length is 10.5 miles. Refer to the Duluth Harbor Basin Buoy and Superior Harbor Basin Buoys Maps. The starting line is between the end of the Army Corps Of Engineers Pier, and the Green #1 Can Buoy, then heading in a westerly direction and continuing on a heading of 190° and leaving Green #3 can buoy to port, then continuing on to Green #7 leaving it to port, then on to Red #18 leaving it to port, then on to Red #2 leaving it to port, then rounding Green #1 used as a mark and leaving it to port. After rounding the mark, return in the manner in which you came leaving the can buoys to starboard and finishing in an easterly direction.


7.1 The class will use PHRF as adopted by the DYC Ratings Committee.

7.2 Provisional Ratings - Provisional ratings will be assigned to yachts racing that have not been previously assigned a rating by the Duluth Yacht Club Rating Committee.

7.3 Boats choosing to race with the Jib and Main only, will be assigned an adjusted PHRF by the race committee.

7.4 Boats may appeal their rating by writing to the Chairperson of the Ratings Committee outlining the basis for the appeal.


8.1 While racing all yachts shall carry life-saving equipment conforming to government regulations that apply in the racing area, as well as the equipment specified by subsections 9.2, 9.3 and 9.4 of this Rule 9. Failure to do so will result in the yacht scoring a DSQ. In addition, DYC strongly recommends compliance with US Sailing requirements as listed in the US Safety Equipment Requirements (USSER) document under the "US Coastal Category".

8.2 While racing all yachts shall carry, and have stowed in a location which permits rapid deployment, an anchor and associated ground tackle of a type and size capable of holding the yacht in place in challenging sea and wind conditions.

8.3 While racing all yachts shall carry, and have stowed on deck in a location which permits immediate deployment, a LIFESLING2 or substantially equivalent overboard rescue system. Examples of compliant equipment include the LIFESLING2 Overboard Rescue System, the Lifesling3 Overboard Rescue System, and the Lalizas 20440 Rescue System Life-Link M.O.B Boat Throw Ring.

8.4 All yachts shall have a working mechanical propulsion system permitting them to travel to and from the race course and permitting the use of the system for emergencies that might occur during the race.


9.1 Bermuda Starts will be used for all DYC Nearshore Races and are listed on the Bermuda Start Listing.

9.2 As Bermuda starts will be used, all boats that are not starting are required to be aware of and keep clear of boats that are starting.


10.1 Race postponement or abandonment will be communicated by the race coordinator on VHF 72.

10.2 Schedule permitting, a postponed race may be re-sailed at a later time and/or date.


11.1 All competitors should record their finish place and the boats around them.


12.1 There is no time limit for these races.


13.1 A yacht that retires from a race is asked to notify the race coordinator before leaving the race area by VHF 72 or hailing. If that is impossible or impracticable, then immediately after arriving ashore, the competitor shall notify a Race Committee representative.


14.1 The protesting boat is required to notify a race committee representative as soon as possible after finishing that a protest will be filed. Protesting boats will have 24 hours to submit a protest form. Protest may be submitted directly to a Race Committee Chairman, the Protest Committee Chairman, or electronically via email to

14.2 Protests shall be written on RRS protest forms available in the DYC Leading Edge or on the DYC Website. Lacking a proper protest form, a protesting boat shall provide in writing the information required under RRS 61.2.

14.3 Notices of hearings and their location will be provided electronically or by phone no later than 1 day after the protest time limit to inform competitors of hearings in which they are involved.


15.1 The scoring system will follow Appendix A of the RRS with the exception of: Boats that do not start or do not finish will be scored one (1) plus the number of finishers.

15.2 All competitors are required to have paid their series race fees prior to start of the series in order to be scored in that series.


16.1 Prizes will be awarded which shall not violate the amateur standards of the US Sailing Association or the US Olympic Committee.


The DYC and DYC Race Committee, and their members or any other committee shall not be liable for any injury or damage whatsoever to persons or property whether caused by or resulting from their act, omission or alleged negligence, or from weather or sea conditions, hazards of any kind, defects or failure of yachts to be seaworthy in hull, rigging or gear, or any acts, omissions or alleged negligence of other participants which may occur during or arising out of or in connection with any race, regatta, event, cruise, spectacle or any activity sponsored or aided in whole or in part by the Duluth Yacht Club.

Notice is hereby given to all participants (including crew, spectators, officials and others) that they participate in any activity solely at their own risk. Skippers of participating yachts are required to apprise all crew members of this Limitation of Liability as a Condition of Entry.


Any boat emitting foul language loud enough to be heard by another person, regardless at whom the foul language was directed, shall be subject to protest, and possible penalties. Any boat may protest another boat from which it heard foul language. On the first offense the penalty is a warning except when the incident is considered by the protest committee to be egregious.

Egregious incidence will be heard under RRS #2 or #69 with all penalties available. Upon a second offense the committee may rule a 20% penalty (minimum of 2 places). If the second incident is deemed serious, the committee may rule a DSQ. Repeated incidents may be judged to be a gross breach of good manners and sportsmanship under RRS 69. When a boat declines to attend the hearing, the incident shall be considered to infringe RRS #2.