Sailing Instructions

Wednesday Races

Rule 9 revised on May 4, 2019 DWJ


1.1 Racing will be governed by the 2017-2020 Racing Rules of Sailing (RRS), including the US Sailing Prescriptions, and these Sailing Instructions or as announced on VHF 72 and/or posted on the DYC website. The race committee is not obligated to post changes to notices on the website.

1.2 Rule 33, CHANGING THE NEXT OF THE COURSE, will apply with the following alteration: (a) If the direction of the leg will be changed, the signal shall be a display of flag C with repetitive announcements of their intentions on VHF Channel 72.

1.3 Rule 40, PERSONAL FLOTATION DEVICES is changed by adding: Each crew member on board is required to wear a PFD for the start and finish of each race. Failure to comply with these requirements will result in the yacht scoring a DSQ for that race.

1.4 Rule 44, PENALTIES AT THE TIME OF AN INCIDENT is changed by the use of Appendix V.

1.5 Racing rule 61 PROTEST REQUIREMENTS will be changed by requiring the protestor to notify the race committee boat, after finishing and before leaving the areas, that a protest will be filed.

1.6 APPENDIX A, SCORING will be changed so that boats that DNS, DNF, or DSQ will be scored one (1) plus the number of finishers. The number of discards will be determined by the Race Committee.


2.1 Notice to competitors will be posted on the Official DYC Race Notice Board at the DYC website at or announced on VHF Channel 72.


3.1 Signals made "ashore" will be displayed from the Committee Boat at its dock.


4.1 The Race Committee will announce on VHF channel 72 their intent one hour before the scheduled start of the first class flag at 6:00pm. This announcement will be repeated no later than the preparatory signal of the first race. Competitors are asked not to contact the Committee Boat by radio unless specifically requested to do so by the Committee Boat or a Race Committee member or representative. The Race Schedule is published in the Leading Edge and on the DYC website.


5.1 Classes will be determined and posted on the Official Notice Board at the DYC website prior to the first race, May 15, 2019.

5.2 Class flags assignments are as follows:

Class Jib & Main = Purple

Class J24 = White with J24 Logo

Class C = Yellow

Class B = Blue

Class A = Green

5.3 Yachts racing in a designated one-design class must meet the one-design class rules for that class except as modified by these Sailing Instructions.


6.1 The racing area is Lake Superior and the Duluth-Superior Harbor within approximately 10 miles of the Duluth Shipping Canal. Maps of the race areas are available in the DYC Leading Edge and on the DYC website.


7.1 The racecourse for each class will be posted on the race committee boat. Numbered course diagrams are available in the DYC Leading Edge and on the DYC website.


8.1 Handicap classes will use PHRF as adopted by the DYC Ratings Committee.

8.2 One-Design Racing under PHRF - All instrumentation, class membership requirements, and other one-design rules not specifically oriented towards sail and spar size, shape, or material or towards hull configuration are waived for yachts scored using the PHRF system.

8.3 Provisional Ratings - Provisional ratings will be assigned to yachts racing that have not been previously assigned a rating by the DYC Ratings Committee.

8.4. Boats that wish to move between JAM and another class can do so prior to the start of a race series.

8.5 Boats may appeal their rating by writing to the Chairperson of the Ratings Committee outlining the basis for the appeal.


9.1 While racing all yachts shall carry life-saving equipment conforming to government regulations that apply in the racing area, as well as the equipment specified by subsections 9.2, 9.3 and 9.4 of this Rule 9. Failure to do so will result in the yacht scoring a DSQ. In addition, DYC strongly recommends compliance with US Sailing requirements as listed in the US Safety Equipment Requirements (USSER) document under the "US Coastal Category".

9.2 While racing all yachts shall carry, and have stowed in a location which permits rapid deployment, an anchor and associated ground tackle of a type and size capable of holding the yacht in place in challenging sea and wind conditions.

9.3 While racing all yachts shall carry, and have stowed on deck in a location which permits immediate deployment, a LIFESLING2 or substantially equivalent overboard rescue system. Examples of compliant equipment include the LIFESLING2 Overboard Rescue System, the Lifesling3 Overboard Rescue System, and the Lalizas 20440 Rescue System Life-Link M.O.B Boat Throw Ring.

9.4 All yachts shall have a working mechanical propulsion system permitting them to travel to and from the race course and permitting the use of the system for emergencies that might occur during the race.


10.1 Races will be started using Rule 26 with classes starting at 5-minute intervals; the starting signal of the preceding class shall be the warning for each succeeding class. Class starting order will be posted on the race committee boat race board.

10.2 The starting line will be between the staff holding the Orange starting flag on the Committee Boat (generally on the starboard end of the starting line), and a Orange starting mark at the other end.

10.3 Yachts whose preparatory signal has not been made shall keep clear of the starting area and of all boats whose preparatory signal has been made. A yacht failing to keep clear shall be subject to placement penalty or DSQ upon protest. The starting area is defined as a "box" extending 300 feet to windward and 200 feet to leeward of the starting line, and extending 300 feet beyond the ends of the starting line.


11.1 Individual recall will be made in accordance with Rule 29.1 The Committee Boat may attempt to notify competitors OCS by VHF radio channel 72, but is under no obligation to do so.


12.1 Schedule permitting, a postponed race may be re-sailed at a later time and/or date.


13.1 The finish will be located between the staff displaying a Blue Flag (or shape) on the Committee Boat and a nearby mark.

13.2 Rule 34, US Sailing Prescription, applies if the Race Committee is absent.


14.1 The time limit will be 120 minutes for all Classes for all buoy races. Yachts finishing more than 30 minutes after the first yacht of her class finishes or after the time limit, whichever is later, will be scored points equal to the number of finishers plus 1.


15.1 Rule 44.1 is changed so that the Two-Turns Penalty is replaced by the One-Turn Penalty per Appendix V1.

15.2 If a yacht break a rule in Part 2, before a protest hearing, she has the option of taking a penalty after a race per Appendix V2.


16.1 A yacht that retires from a race, or elects not to compete in additional races for that day, is asked to notify the Committee Boat before leaving the race area by VHF or hailing. If that is impossible or impracticable, then immediately after arriving ashore, the competitor shall notify a Race Committee representative


17.1 The protesting boat is required to notify the race committee boat after finishing, and before leaving the finish area, that a protest will be filed. Protesting boats will have 24 hours to submit a protest form. Protest may be submitted directly to a Race Committee Chairman, the Protest Committee Chairman, or electronically via email to

17.2 Protests shall be written on RRS protest forms available in the DYC Leading Edge or on the DYC Website. Lacking a proper protest form, a protesting boat shall provide in writing the information required under RRS 61.2.

17.3 Any protest not withdrawn shall have a protest hearing by the protest committee.


18.1 The scoring system will follow Appendix A of the RRS, but scoring will be changed so that boats that DNS, DNF, or DSQ will be scored one (1) plus the number of finishers. The number of discards will be determined by the Race Committee.

18.2 All competitors are required to have paid their series race fees prior to start of the series in order to be scored in that series.


19.1 Prizes will be awarded which shall not violate the amateur standards of the US Sailing Association or the US Olympic Committee.


The Duluth Yacht Club and the DYC Race Committee, and its members or any other committee shall not be liable for any injury or damage whatsoever to persons or property whether caused by or resulting from their act, omission or alleged negligence, or from weather or sea conditions, hazards of any kind, defects or failure of yachts to be seaworthy in hull, rigging or gear, or any acts, omissions or alleged negligence of other participants which may occur during or arising out of or in connection with any race, regatta, event, cruise, spectacle or any activity sponsored or aided in whole or in part by the Duluth Yacht Club.

Notice is hereby given to all participants (including crew, spectators, officials and others) that they participate in any activity solely at their own risk. Skippers of participating yachts are required to apprise all crew members of this Limitation of Liability as a Condition of Entry.


Any boat emitting foul language loud enough to be heard by another person, regardless at whom the foul language was directed, shall be subject to protest, and possible penalties. Any boat may protest another boat from which it heard foul language. On the first offense the penalty is a warning except when the incident is considered by the protest committee to be egregious.

Egregious incidence will be heard under RRS #2 or #69 with all penalties available. Upon a second offense the committee may rule a 20% penalty (minimum of 2 places). If the second incident is deemed serious, the committee may rule a DSQ. Repeated incidents may be judged to be a gross breach of good manners and sportsmanship under RRS 69. When a boat declines to attend the hearing, the incident shall be considered to infringe RRS #2.